Equatorial Guinea Travel Information

Photo Composed of a mainland portion and five inhabited islands, Equatorial Guinea, which gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule, has been ruled by President OBIANG NGUEM MBASOGO since he seized power in a coup in 1979. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996 presidential and 1999 legislative elections were widely seen as being flawed.


The majority of the Equatoguinean people are of Bantu origin. The largest tribe, the Fang, is indigenous to the mainland, but substantial migration to Bioko Island has resulted in Fang dominance over the earlier Bantu inhabitants.


The first inhabitants of the region that is now Equatorial Guinea are believed to have been Pygmies, of whom only isolated pockets remain in northern Rio Muni. Bantu migrations between the 17th and 19th centuries brought the coastal tribes and later the Fang.

Oil and gas exports have increased substantially and will drive the economy for years to come. Real GDP growth reached 23% in 1999, 18% in 2000, 66% in 2001 and 24% in 2002. Per capita income doubled from about $1,000 in 1998 to $2,000 in 2000 and $4,900 today. The energy export sector is responsible for this rapid growth.


The Equatoguinean government favorably views the U.S. government and American companies. The United States is the largest-single foreign investor in Equatorial Guinea, which is the fourth-largest destination in Sub-Saharan Africa for American Investment. U.S. companies have the largest and most visible foreign presence in the country.

Important: Travel to Equatorial Guinea may require a travel visa. Whether a visa is required for travel depends on citizenship and purpose of journey. Please be sure to review Travisa's Equatorial Guinea visa instructions for details. Visa instructions for other countries are available on our do I need a visa page.

Country Statistics

Full country name: Republic of Equatorial Guinea
Capital city: Malabo
Area: 28,051 sq km
Population: 685,991
Ethnic groups: Fang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4%
Languages: Spanish
Religions: nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices
Government: republic
Chief of State: President Brig. Gen.
Head of Government: Prime Minister Vicente Ehate TOMI
GDP: 26.1 billion
GDP per captia: 19,300
Annual growth rate: 7.8%
Inflation: 7%
Agriculture: coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava
Major industries: petroleum, natural gas, sawmilling
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay
Location: Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon
Trade Partners - exports: Spain 14.8%, China 13.1%, Italy 10.9%, Japan 10.5%, US 9.5%, Netherlands 7.6%, Canada 5.5%, Brazil 5%, France 4.7%, South Korea 4.1%
Trade Partners - imports: Spain 17.1%, US 13.1%, France 12.4%, China 12.3%, Italy 6.7%, Cote d'Ivoire 6%